Some of the worst conditions ever seen.

We are living in a golden age for employment. We have paid holidays, paid sick pay, share options, we can contest in law the times when we have been wrongly dismissed, and employers have brought in flexible working and
dependency leave plus the right to work in a safe environment. 150 years ago, they also believed they were living in a golden age and if you were the owner of a cotton mill it certainly was. But life for the workers was a far cry from the environment that employees creating Farah Shirts like today.

The Mill was a symbol of a revolution in Britain. Driving entrepreneurs were making the most of the Empire and the wealth it was bringing in through colonialism and the development of the steam engine. The world of the semi- skilled mass rural farmworker living in a village or small market town was rapidly changing as the work forced them from the land to the urban growing cities such as Manchester and Salford and the Mills and factories there that awaited them. One such example remains with working machines; Quarry bank Mill

It is quite hard for us to comprehend what life must have been like for these workers. They had been poor in the country and the wages that the Mills offered were much greater. However, in most cases the owners viewed the
simple fact that they provided them with employment and a meagre wage as sufficient. It soon became apparent that the male population would not be enough to fuel the machine and soon women were being employed, albeit on lower pay, and then finally children as young as 5 on virtually non-existent pay. Your working life started at 5 years old. There was no pension, there were no working rights, and if you were sick you were not paid and risked being dismissed. Any kind of voicing of dissatisfaction was also met with dismissal. The people who worked in the mill, whatever age, were little more than paid slaves.

Pauper children, boys and girls who were orphans or were given up by their parents as they could not afford to feed them are an example of this. Owners made deals with the Guardians of the children that they would be provided to make labour. Apprenticed to the Mill, so sealed to it in law, they could expect to work fifteen hour shifts and have cramped sleeping conditions. As one set of children came in, another replaced them. They paid 2 pence a day, a pittance even then.

The mill’s spinners deafened you. You would wad used cotton in your ears to stop the noise leading to infection; the cotton dust gave you cancer and various fatal or debilitating lung diseases (meaning that you could not work so you would be dismissed bring destitution to your family). You were in this working environment for thirteen hours a day 6 days a week. Dark satanic mills indeed.

Six Characteristics of a Good Courier Driver

Courier driving is big business these days. Online shopping means more vans on the road delivering to private addresses.

The trend for shopping online looks set to increase, as indicated in this article: shopping-to-grow-by-320bn-in-three-years.html. There are six critical factors to providing a good courier service.

1) Organisation
A driver may have between 50 and 100 parcels to deliver every day, so it is crucial to have a plan in terms of the route and packing up the van in a logical order. Using Google maps or a sat nav, and taking advice from the customer if a property is difficult to locate, are all tools that a good driver will use wisely.
2) Being Safe and Legal
A good driver will keep within speed limits and not park inconsiderately or illegally. On rural roads, drivers will be aware of horses and other animals, as well as walkers on the road. If the mobile phone needs to be used, it is essential to stop or to have an efficient Bluetooth system.
3) Delivery Stops
The driver will have to be prepared for customers not being at home and will be prepared to ring to check if anyone is indoors. If necessary, he will leave a card if the customer is not at home. In some cases he may take a photo of the front door.
4) A Positive attitude
Good drivers will leave their problems at home. A bad frame of mind can lead to erratic driving or being rude to customers.
5) Checking the Diary and Reviewing the Day
A good driver will assess how the day has gone and sort out any issues or problems. It may be necessary to review the map and route plans if there have been any tricky moments. Before moving on to the final point, remember that customers looking for a same day courier Birmingham have many options. So why use a same day courier in Birmingham? Because of the level of service.
6) Not Being Over-Zealous
Those drivers who become very fast and efficient may find that the work is piled on to an unmanageable level by an unscrupulous employer. There are targets to be met, but the job can become dangerous, and there will be more unhappy customers if the courier driver is over-burdened with work. It is a fine balance to be achieved.

Identifying the difference between structural adhesives and traditional fasteners

All industries require a form of adhesive
Adhesive technologies have undergone growth in recent years, and designers and engineers are becoming more interested in understanding their potential as well as the differences compared to traditional forms.

All industries, from manufacturing to aerospace, marine and automotive use a form of adhesives in some way. It’s the transportation industries, however, that are adopting the latest forms of adhesion. Using these methods can reduce cost, time and weight while improving performance.
As an added bonus, putting this into practice is more environmentally-friendly, and these adhesives allow for greater designs.
In comparison, adhesives are applied in one step and there is no requirement for sealants. Other advantages of using an adhesive include the ability to form a watertight barrier. The formulas can also be produced or even altered to resist chemicals. Manufacturers will choose an adhesive to lower the final weight of their product. They will be able to ascertain when to use adhesives, rather than welding or adding fasteners, by looking for specific indicators in the process. Adhesives will require usage if the products are to be exposed to water or chemicals.

Fuel and shipping savings can be made

Weight reduction is important with regard to an airliner because there will be significant cost savings over the lifespan of the plane. Fuel savings can be made by reducing the weight of planes, vehicles and even boats, and this reduction can make the product easier to transport and it can make shipping costs a lot less.
According to Tech Exploreengineers are taking a detailed look at the general structure of bird feathers as a model for potential new adhesives.

For companies seeking a powerful metal bonding adhesive, CT1 is the answer and can provide the solution to make your products more cost effective. The savings from choosing adhesives can be achieved in various ways. Adhesives offer cheaper material costs and, in addition, savings can be made via reduced ordering, shipping, and stocking costs. Stocking of rivets, bolts, washers and screws can be eliminated by the use of one adhesive.
Staff and labour required for welding can also be reduced through the use of adhesives. The

reasons are that the attachment points require more manpower and often repeat work if the methods should fail.

Is it possible to paint uPVC windows?

uPVC is usually what today’s window frames, doors and conservatories are made from due to its ease of maintenance and strength. uPVC can be made in many different colours and even a wood effect, but if you already have windows and doors installed, and wish to upgrade them without installing new ones, you might be wondering if you can paint them.

Can I paint my windows?

You can paint uPVC, although there are some steps you need to take, as if you paint your windows and doors incorrectly, it can peel and discolour, then be difficult to remove. Paint will not stick to uPVC well, so a good primer that is suitable for uPVC should be used. According to The Guardian
, windows must be spotlessly clean before a primer is applied as any dirt, or dust can affect the primer and the paint. When applying the paint, always use one specific to uPVC, as it will be designed to cover plastic. A brush can leave stroke marks, so try a mini-roller which can minimise ridges. Also be
sure to leave the paint to dry for the amount of time specified on the tin between coats, as this can prevent peeling.

What are the risks of painting UPVC windows?
Whatever the windows you have, be they casement windows such as
, sash windows or bay windows, you can give them a new lease of life by painting them. However, there are some risks involved.

If done incorrectly, painted uPVC will look worse than it did before. Paint can look patchy, as it doesn’t stick well to plastic, so if you haven’t used the correct primer, it could flake or peel. A build-up of layers of paint could also prevent the doors or windows from opening properly as they will be thicker than they were.

Finally, uPVC is versatile and is so popular because it is incredibly easy to clean. It can be washed, wiped and even hosed and remain looking as good as new. You will be unable to treat painted uPVC in the same way and again, will risk the paint flaking or coming off completely.

If you still want an upgrade, and buying new windows isn’t an option, you can paint them. Just be sure to prime properly and follow the paint instructions.